The presence of blood clots in urine can point to the presence of a number of underlying medical conditions, a few of which can be very serious. In medical terms, the presence of blood clots in urine is known as hematuria. Depending on the visibility of blood to the naked eye, hematuria can be classified as gross hematuria or microscopic hematuria.
When an individual affected by blood clots in urine can see the change in urine color to pink, red or cola color with the naked eye, then the condition is referred to as gross hematuria. When the presence of blood clots in urine can only be detected under a microscope, then the condition is known as microscopic hematuria. Both the conditions may be caused due to simple reasons such as extreme exercising or due to intake of certain drugs like aspirin, or due to the presence of some serious medical disorder.
Symptoms of blood clots in urine
Some of the signs and symptoms of blood clots on urine are as follows:
- One of the most visible signs of blood clots in urine is the presence of a few or many blood clots in the affected person’s urine. This may cause the blood to change color to light red, pink, orange or cola-like. The change in color is due to the presence of red blood cells in the blood clots. Even a couple of blood clots in urine can cause the change in color. On a few occasions individuals affected by blood clots in urine may experience just this primary symptom of change in color.
Other symptoms experienced by patients experiencing blood clots in urine include:
- Frequent desire to urinate
- Difficulties in urination
- Burning sensations during urination
- Painful urination
- Pain in the lower part of the abdomen
A few individuals may not experience any pain while eliminating blood clots in urine.
Causes of blood clots in urine
- Blood clots in urine can be caused due to a number of reasons. Most of the causes include the presence of a condition that affects the effective function of the urinary system such as the kidneys, the bladder, etc. Infections of the urinary tract and the presence of kidney stones or stones of the urinary bladder can result in blood clots in urine
- Blood clots in urine may even be caused due to some injury or trauma to the urinary tract
- The kidneys contain glomeruli that aid in the filtering of blood and the elimination of waste materials in the form of urine. Any condition that causes the basement membrane of the kidney glomeruli to become thin can affect the functioning of the glomeruli. This can then lead to elimination of blood clots in urine.
There are many other uncommon causes that can result in blood clots in urine. Some of them are listed below:
- Blood clots in urine can be caused due to enlargement of the prostate gland, kidney tumor, nephritic syndrome, inflammation or swelling of the kidneys, the urethra or the bladder, renal vein thrombosis, blockage of the urinary tract, blood abnormalities like hemophilia, bladder cancer, sickle cell disease, renal cell carcinoma-a kind of cancer of the kidneys, kidney tumor, bladder tumor and polycystic kidney disease.
- Kidney failure is another cause of blood clots in urine
- It is important to note that a red color of the urine is not an indication of the presence of blood clots in urine. The red urine color may be caused due to intake of certain medications or some types of foods like berries or beet.
- Bleeding from the vagina can also be mistaken as blood clots in urine
- The presence of prostate disorders in men can result in bloody ejaculation. This can also be mistaken for presence of blood clots in urine
Diagnosis of blood clots in urine
- The presence of blood clots in urine may be due to a number of reasons and underlying health disorders. Hence, diagnosis of blood clots in urine will involve a battery of tests to determine the precise cause of hematuria. A doctor will generally start the diagnosis by verifying the medical history of the patient and a complete analysis of the existing symptoms
- Some of the diagnostic tests that may be recommended by a physician include a blood test, CT scan, urine culture, X-ray, urinalysis, cystoscopy and an ultrasound of the renal tract and the abdomen. If the presence of bladder cancer is suspected then a biopsy may also be performed.
Treatment of blood clots in urine
- The treatment of blood clots in urine is aimed at finding out the exact cause of the condition and then treating that underlying cause.
- Urinary tract infections are generally treated with medications like antibiotics
- Surgery or other treatment methods may be required to treat tumors, cancers and stones of the kidney and bladder.
- The doctor may also recommend certain lifestyle and dietary changes such as quitting smoking and drinking, restricted intake of salt, adequate intake of water, etc. to avoid the any serious medical complications of blood clots in urine.