Out of the 20000 species of spiders, only 60 of them can actually bite humans. Out of this 60, only four types of spiders can actually be dangerous to human beings These are hobo or the ‘aggressive house spider’, the yellow sac spider, the black widow spider and the brown recluse spider. The black widow spider bite and the brown recluse spider bite are known to cause various symptoms and disorders in humans, and in rare cases, death.
Among the rare cases of deaths from brown recluse spider, the victims have been children below the age of seven years. The characteristic feature of brown recluse spider is its violin pattern seen on the back of the cephalothoraxes or the body. The violin prototype is inimitable as the base of the violin is shaped at the head of the arachnid and the neck of the violin is to the rear. These spiders have a yellowish tan and can also have a dark brown body with even darker legs.
Brown Recluse spider is named as Loxosceles scientifically, which implies ‘six eyes’. This is an additional distinctive feature as most other spider’s species have eight eyes. This exceptional feature of brown recluse spider cannot be seen, because the eyes are small; one has to keenly observe them.
Where are brown recluse spiders found?
The brown recluse spider is found in the Southeastern region of the United States and the Midwestern area. Apart from these plaes, the chances of these spiders being found anywhere else is rare. In some cases, these spiders have also been found in California and Florida, these arachnids may just move to areas apart from where they dwell, through luggage and other things that these travelers carry. Brown recluse spiders have their sub-types too. The most common one is the non-brown or the desert recluse, which is found in Texas, California. Non-brown recluse spiders do not cause any deaths.
Brown recluse spiders are not really aggressive by nature, and they bite only when they feel threatened or when they are pressed against the human skin. The brown recluse spider like any other kind of spider prefers warm and dark corners and crevices to inhabit. They are found in closets, attic, storage rooms etc and places where age-old things are kept without hardly any cleaning done like woodpiles, old, dusty shelves etc.
Brown recluse spider bite venom
It is believed that the brown recluse spiders are usually poisonous and the probability of its venom is also as effective as that of a rattle snake. But then realistically speaking, the brown recluse spider bite does not cause as much harm as a rattle snake. This is because the amount of the venonmous substance is injected in much lesser amount compared to that of the brown recluse spider bite. The venom of these spiders do have a toxic effect on the cells and tissues of the human body.
Studies have indicated that this venomous substance secreted by the brown recluse spider is in fact, a set of enzymes. Such enzymes may have dissimilar affects on the human body. For instance, these enzymes may cause obstruction or removal of cell membrane which ultimately offsets the functioning of tissues, leading to localized breakdown of blood vessels, skin etc. This condition may also deteriorate causing death of tissue which is also scientifically termed ‘necrosis’. It is also seen that the venom injected into victim’s body when the spider bites, can have an effect on the nervous system as well.
Symptoms of brown recluse spider bite
Often, the brown recluse spider bites is not felt, as it is painless during the bite. In some cases, minor sensation like burning, tingling pain or itchiness felt at the area where the spider bites. However, other symptoms of spider bite starts happening within 2 to 8 hours from the time of the bite. As mentioned above, the bites can cause destruction of tissues. Here are some symptoms that may be experienced by the victims:
• Severe irritation or pain at the bitten skin region after an estimated four hours from the time of bite
• Intense itchy sensation
• Increased body temperature
• Muscle pain
Other physical changes in the body that can happen due to brown recluse spider bite are
• Reduction in platelet count
• Acute kidney damages
• Blood clots
Blisters or rashes
• Serious necrotic lesions
In rare cases, death
Treatment for brown recluse spider bite
There are home remedies for spider bites. However, one may advise to get the bite checked by the doctor so that there is no room for side-effects or reactions. But you can do these steps just to minimize the pain or irritation. The doctor may prescribe over the counter relief medication like acetaminophen or other prescription medication.
• Apply hot cold compresses to decrease swelling and pain
• Wash the spider bitten region properly with cold water and anti-bacterial soap.
• Avoid any exhausting activity because the venom may spread to other areas of the body
• One can use over the counter pain relief medicines such as acetaminophen for alleviating pain, only if the medicine is suitable for you
Brown Recluse Spider Bites Pictures