When any individual detects the presence of bubbles in urine post urination, then it may cause him/her a little anxiety. Urine is a liquid formed by the kidneys and contains the filtered toxic and waste materials rejected by the body. The kidneys perform the function of eliminating the unwanted water-soluble materials present in the body. The presence of bubbles in urine is an indication of the presence of certain substances in the body that cause bubbles on urination. It is important to note that bubbles in urine can be caused due to something as simple as mild dehydration or pressured flow of urine, or it may be due to certain serious underlying conditions.
Treatment of bubbles in urine is focused at finding out the underlying cause and treating it as per the norms.
Bubbles in Urine – Causes
The different causes of bubbles in urine and the respective symptoms and treatments are discussed below:
- Vesicocolic Fistula: Fistula is a term used to describe an irregular connection that develops between two cavities in the body. The abnormal connection that develops between the colon and the urinary bladder is known as a vesicocolic fistula. It is considered as a really common fistula that forms between the bladder and the gastrointestinal tract. A vesicocolic fistula tends to affect more men as compared to women. In this a swelling or edema develops at the lower part of the urinary bladder and liquids get collected below the skin. Bubbles that develop in this fluid get eliminated via the urine, and can possibly indicate the presence of certain medical disorders such as Crohn’s disease or tumors. A patient affected by bubbles in urine needs to consult a doctor to check for the presence of such conditions and to get proper medical guidance.
- Proteinuria: Normally, the urine of most human beings contains a certain amount of protein. However, the release of excessive levels of protein in the urine is not healthy and is an indication of a condition known as proteinuria, which can also cause bubbles in urine. There are certain parts in the kidneys known as glomeruli, which regulate the outflow of normal levels of protein via the urine. When the glomeruli are damaged or inflamed, then it leads to uncontrolled passage of protein into the urine. Such urine that has excessive levels of protein content tends to react with atmospheric air during urination and leads to the formation of bubbles in urine, when it makes contact with the water in the toilet bowl. This may result in the formation of increased number of bubbles in the toilet bowl, and also other signs and symptoms such as facial swelling, and swelling of the feet, legs, hands and other parts of the body. Consult a doctor for effective treatment.
- Infections of the urinary tract: A healthy individual will generally have a urinary tract that is free from infections from bacteria and other microbes. Patients with urinary tract infections are those, wherein the bacteria and other microorganisms somehow make their way into the urinary tract. Individuals affected by infections of the urinary tract may experience bubbles in urine, and other symptoms such as burning and painful sensations during urination; and persistent and frequent desire to urinate, particularly during nighttime. The bubbles in urine are generally caused due to infection by a microorganism that is responsible for formation of gas. Antibiotic treatment may be suggested by a doctor.
- Kidney disorders: Kidneys are the organs that play an important role in the formation of urine. Hence any disease or infection of the kidneys can also result in the elimination of proteins via the urine. The passage of protein in urine can then result in the development of bubbles in urine. Since the kidney function is generally impaired due to infection, it is unable to prepare concentrated urine. This can result in frequent desire to urinate. Kidney infection and diseases can also lead to the development of other symptoms such as lack or loss of appetite, hypertension and excessive tiredness or fatigue. The doctor may recommend a treatment as per the individual cases.
- Mild dehydration: Decreased consumption of water can result in mild forms of dehydration. Some of the symptoms elicited by an individual with mild dehydration include headache, fatigue, diminished outflow or urine which may often be frothy and increased dryness of the mouth. An individual affected by mild dehydration is more likely to produced increasingly concentrated urine, which in turn can result in the formation of bubbles in urine. It is important to drink a minimum of at least eight glasses of water per day to avoid dehydration.
- Foamy urine: It is important to note that frothy urine is not similar to the presence of bubbles in urine. Foamy urine is generally caused due to forceful urination which leads to excessive mixing of air with urine that causes the urine in the toilet bowl to become foamy. This is not a case for worry. However, persistent cases of foamy urine need to be examined by a doctor.
- Bubbles in urine during menstruation: A few women may experience bubbles in urine during menstruation. This is generally caused due to loss of fluids and mild dehydration. Adequate water intake will result in disappearance of bubbles in urine
- Bubbles in urine during pregnancy: The kidneys in a few women who are pregnant may become enlarged. Also the filtering parts of the kidneys become more permeable. This causes the excessive outflow of protein in urine, which in turn leads to formation of bubbles in urine. A doctor needs to be consulted to get an effective remedy for bubbles in urine during pregnancy.