Constant sore throat can be a very annoying and uncomfortable experience. The condition is described as soreness in the throat that does not get relieved even after taking medications. The throat always feels itchy and scratchy, causing some pain when swallowing. It tends to subside at the end of the day but comes back in the morning. A number of factors may cause sore throat to keep coming back. Furthermore, it may be a sign that a serious condition is happening in the body.
Having constant sore throat warrants a thorough medical assessment by a qualified healthcare provider to determine what is causing it to recur. The medications appropriate for each case will then be prescribed depending on the cause. The treatment for recurring sore throat also involves taking steps to prevent it from happening again. That is why it is very important to identify the things that trigger it.
What causes constant sore throat?
Sore throat occurs when the throat is irritated and inflamed. It is usually accompanied by common colds and coughs but clears up on its own in a few days. However, sore throat can become a constant annoyance for some individuals, and this could due to:
- Weak immune system
A weakened immune system cannot fight off bacteria or viruses that cause infections, thus, resulting in chronic bouts of sore throat. Stress, sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy diet contribute to the weakening of one’s immunity.
Allergens, which are present everywhere, could irritate the throat, making it painful. Constant exposure to these particles or substances makes sore throat a lasting annoyance.
- Constant straining of the vocal cords
People engaged in professions that regularly strain the vocal cords, such as singers and teachers, will likely suffer from recurrent sore throat.
- Clogged nasal passages
A clogged nasal passage forces one to breathe through the mouth rather through the nose. This would only make the throat dry and irritated. Moreover, when the surrounding air is dry, the mucus lining in the throat also dries out leaving it irritated and itchy.
- Prolonged use of antibiotics
Long-term use of antibiotics could cause constant sore throat because it could trigger Candida infection in the mouth known as oral thrush.
When does constant sore throat become alarming?
Recurring bouts of sore throat generally warrant a visit to the doctor as this may be an early warning of a more serious health problem or medical condition. Smokers should particularly be concerned about regular sore throat as this could be an early symptom of cancer of the throat. A recurrent bout of sore throat is also common among AIDS patients. There are medical conditions which can cause sore throat that need to be addressed immediately or else they will aggravate. These include the following:
This occurs when the tonsils are inflamed due to an infection caused by the group A streptococcus bacteria. When ignored, the infection could spread further into the surrounding tissues which then lead to breathing difficulties, obstructive sleep apnea, and sometimes, rheumatic fever.
- Strep throat
Strep throat is also caused by streptococcal bacteria and could result into rheumatic fever or kidney inflammation if left untreated.
Constant sore throat shouldn’t be left unchecked to prevent it from aggravating into a more serious health condition. There are plenty of conservative and medical ways to treat it if diagnosed early.