When a person come in contact with dander and it results in allergic reactions it means the person is suffering from dog allergy. It is a common allergy and the allergen is not hair rather it is a protein in dog’s saliva and urine. This protein gets stuck in dried flakes of skin i.e. dander. Some of the symptoms of dog allergy are coughing, wheezing and rashes. The best way to avoid dog allergy is to keep away from dogs.
Causes of Dog Allergy
Usually people feel dog’s hair is the cause of dog allergy and therefore prefer short haired dog. But the allergen is in the saliva and urine of dog. It gets stuck to the animal’s dander causing allergies. This dander further stick to fur and is released in air when the fur sheds. One of the important allergen is known as Can f 1 and is found in saliva of dog.
Dog Allergy Symptoms
Symptoms of dog allergy differ from person to person. It could be mild or severe. Some of the symptoms are as follows:
- Nasal inflammation
- Inflammation of skin
People who suffer from asthma may experience severe allergic reactions. Immediately the person has to be taken to doctor.
Dog Allergy Treatments
Firstly medical expert has to confirm whether the person is suffering from dog allergy or not. This is done through a test known as RAST (radioallergosorbent test). It is a skin or blood test. Then the physician advises to remove all the pets in the environment to see whether symptoms remain or disappear.
The best method to treat dog allergy is to keep away from dogs. If dogs are kept then the entire environment should be kept clean. The dog should not be allowed in the bedroom. Anything that the dog has used for long time should be removed and the whole house should be cleaned thoroughly. With time most probably the symptoms may vanish with all the above measures and one may not have to take medicines to cure it. If still needed the medical expert can recommend good allergy medicines or give allergy shots.
Dog Allergy Shots
There are allergy shot that can be given to your dog but before that there are two types of tests that can be done to find out if the dog is allergic. There is a blood test that is done to find out if there are antigen bodies in the blood. The other test that a vet does is known as intradermal skin test, which involves injecting some antigen into the skin of the dog. After shaving the area, and administering a mild sedative, the vet injects almost 60 different antigens. Within minutes, little red bumps come on the skin area which is allergic to the antigen. On the basis of this offending antigen found in test, the doctor will prescribe custom allergy shots. Though this is not specific, the first round of dog allergy vaccine costs about $500 and the ongoing ones that may be given as per the vet’s discretion can be $300 per year.
How to Prevent Dog Allergy
Some steps to reduce the dog allergen are:
- Daily the dog should be wiped and cleaned with a wet cloth.
- HEPA room air cleaner should be kept to use it in bedroom and other parts of the house.
- Regularly the house should be vacuumed with a HEPA equipped vacuum cleaner
- Dog should be bathed nicely and thoroughly at twice a week.
- Ensure that the dog is sterilized.
- The dog should not be kept in bedroom. The dog should be kept in kennel or in garage. If it is kept inside then one should ensure that the room or part of the room does not have carpet floor.
- If the above mentioned measures do not work then it is advisable to do away with the dog especially if the person has asthma.