When a person experiences allergic reaction after consuming egg or food items containing egg then it means the person is suffering from egg allergy. It is a very common allergy amongst children. Symptoms after consuming egg occur within few minutes to a few hours. Symptoms could be rashes, vomiting, hives or digestive problems. It could vary from mild to severe symptoms. In rare cases it could cause anaphylaxis which is fatal. Usually children are affected and within time they may outgrow their allergies. However sometimes it may continue further also.
Causes of Egg Allergy
- Genetic: If parents have food allergies or any other allergies or are asthma patient then there are high chances for children to have food allergy like egg allergy.
- Age factor: Usually kids are affected by egg allergies as their digestive system is weak. However as they grow the system becomes strong and is less prone to allergies.
Symptoms of Egg Allergy
Symptoms differ from person to person. For some it occurs soon whereas for some others it may take time. Following are the symptoms of egg allergy:
- Digestive problems
- Rashes on skin
- Nasal inflammation
- Difficulty in breathing
- Cramps and vomiting
- Nauseated feeling and anaphylaxis
Anaphylaxis: Egg allergy may sometimes lead to fatal reactions known as anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis may also show other symptoms including the above mentioned symptoms. They are as follows:
- Pain in chest or tightness
- Increase in heartbeat
- Tightness or swelling of the throat
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Severe difficulty in breathing
- Cramps and pain in abdomen
- Shocked, low blood pressure, dizzy feeling, may lose consciousness.
Egg Allergy Symptoms in Adults
As mentioned before, egg allergy is mostly witnessed in children and people outgrow this problem by the time they attain six years of age. However, there are quite a few adults who still have the problem, even then the allergy has childhood roots, with the itching and other symptoms starting from childhood itself.
Some of the egg allergy symptoms in adults include skin problems like hives and eczema; swelling of lips, tongue, eyelids, tongue, face after consuming egg or egg based products; respiratory problems like hay fever, asthma, sneezing, wheezing etc ; and Anaphylaxis.
Treatment for Egg Allergy
The best and the only way to keep away from allergic reactions is to keep away from egg or food items containing egg.
Other treatments are as follows:
- Medication: If the child comes in contact with egg and has allergic reactions then antihistamines can be taken. It will help to ease the symptoms of allergy. It can be taken after being exposed to egg however; it is not effective to treat severe allergic reactions. Also it cannot help to prevent an egg allergic reaction.
- One can carry epinephrine (adrenaline) dose in case of emergency after consulting the medical experts.
- Information: Children are usually affected by egg allergies. Therefore school authorities namely principal, teachers, caretakers and other respective people should be informed in advance about the egg allergy, its symptoms and how to use the drugs. Also they should know to call the emergency care in serious case. Parents should also ensure that the child carries the drugs to school. Other family friends and relatives should also be informed about the allergy.
- One can wear medical identification bracelet (in case of serious anaphylaxis) that explains the allergy and need for emergency care.
- One should read the food labels carefully and shop in stores that provide egg-free alternative food items. One can derive information about various egg-free recipes from the respective specialized books.