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Foot fungus is the most common fungal infection affecting the feet, altering its physical state. The infection can take in various forms, depending on various external and internal factors. People who are affected by this type of fungal infection suffer from itchy and flaky foot. The infection disfigures the look of the feet as the nails are primarily affected.

The management for foot fungus helps resolve the embarrassing effects of the infection. Treatment may be tricky as it could involve a combination of antifungal creams and lotions, medications and even home remedies. Also, the infection may keep coming back if the individual does not incorporate proper hygiene to the foot fungus treatment regimen.

Causes of foot fungus

Foot fungus occurs due to different types of fungi such as yeast and mold which flourish in warm and moist places like the feet. Certain conditions can likewise accelerate the growth of fungi in the feet which include toenail injury, wearing sweaty socks, using shoes that have poor air circulation, as well as wearing tight-fitting footwear which make the toenails weak. The fungus penetrates the skin through small cuts and when the foot remains damp for longer periods of time, the number of fungi residing therein grows.

There are people who are more susceptible to fungal infection on the feet, and they include:

  • Elderly people
  • Diabetic patients
  • Those with weakened immune systems
  • People who work and live in hot and humid areas
  • Those with a family history of foot fungus
  • Individuals who perspire excessively
  • Psoriasis sufferers
  • Persons who walk barefoot in damp and public places

Different types of foot fungus

There are different kinds of foot fungi and each is caused by a certain type of fungus.

  • Proximal Subungual Onychomycosis

This kind of fungal infection is rare, affecting immunocompromised individuals like HIV patients. Proximal subungual onychomycosis occurs due to dermatophytes.

 

  • White Superficial Onychomycosis

This foot fungus is relatively common and easy to treat. White superficial onychomycosis is triggered by trichophyton mentagrophytes which often affect the toenails.

 

  • Candida Nail Infection

This frequently occurs in the fingernails than toenails and is caused by candida. This kind of fungal infection is the most widespread infection caused by fungus.

 

  • Distal Subungual Onychomycosis

This condition is popularly known as athlete’s foot caused by trichophyton rubrum.

How does foot fungus look ?

How the fungal infection looks like depends on the type of fungus affecting the feet.

  • Proximal Subungual Onychomycosis

This fungal infection is quite painful as a result of the nail being pulled away from the proximal fold. The nail is discolored with white or yellowish formation close to the cuticle.

  • White Superficial Onychomycosis

White spots with powdery crusts are noted over the top of the nail. The nail will also start to break apart.

  • Candida Nail Infection

The nails will take on a yellowish or green color and will get deformed. They are inflamed and swollen and seem to fold in and become much worse in cases of ingrown toenails.

  • Distal Subungual Onychomycosis

Dead and dry matter accumulates between the nail bed and the palate. The nail top is uneven and feels thick, and sometimes, pain is felt.

Treatment for foot fungus

Foot fungus can be treated with oral and topical medications with results becoming apparent between 2 to 3 weeks. The fungal infection is primarily treated with antifungal creams which bring substantial relief from the itchiness and burning sensation caused by the infection. In severe cases of fungal infection, doctors prescribe antifungal medications taken orally within 2 to 3 weeks.

Treating foot fungus through home remedies

Synthetic medications may be effective in treating fungal infection of the feet, but they may cause heart and liver problems. Sufferers can opt for natural remedies which are also proven effective. The good thing about natural remedies is that there are lots of choices and they tend to be cheaper than synthetic medications. Some of the popular options are:

  • Tea tree oil

Tea tree oil is effective in improving the look of the skin by killing the microbes and speed up the healing process.

  • Coconut oil

Coconut oil has anti-inflammatory and antifungal properties which are effective not only in treating foot fungus but in keeping the skin moisturized.

  • Salt water

This has excellent anti-fungal properties that are effective in treating fungal infections.

  • Tea

Soaking the infected foot daily in tea solution kills the fungi that cause the infection, and at the same time, relieves itchiness.

  • Apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar solution helps in restoring the normal pH level of the skin, preventing the affected foot from becoming infected with the fungus once again.

Including yogurt in one’s diet helps in killing the fungi as it contains a substantial number of good bacteria.

Foot fungus is an embarrassing condition affecting the foot. The treatment helps sufferers by improving the appearance of the foot as well as resolving the itchiness that comes with it. This could be achieved either through oral and topical medications or natural remedies.

Foot Fungus Pictures

 

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