When a person breathes in tiny airborne mold spores and it leads to allergic reactions then this condition is referred to as mold allergy. Some of the symptoms of mold allergy are runny nose, itching, asthma, watery eyes, sneezing, nasal congestion and other respiratory problems. If symptoms are severe then medical help should be taken right away. Sometimes it may be difficult to avoid the allergic reactions the doctor may then prescribe drugs to control the reactions.
Causes for Mold Allergy
Some of the causes for mold allergy are as follows:
Genetic: If parents or family members have asthma or this allergy it can be passed on to their children.
Excess exposure to mold: Excess exposure to mold in childhood or workplace increases the chances of allergic reactions.
Types of Mold
Some of the common types of mold are:
Symptoms of mold allergy could be mild or severe. The common symptoms of mold allergy are as follows:
- Runny nose
- Itching in mouth, nose or throat
- Swollen skin underneath the eyes, the skin color changes to blue
- Watery eyes with itchy feeling
- Disturbed sleep
- Nasal congestion
- Facial pressure
- Postnasal drip
- Children usually may rub nose in the upward direction
In case of asthma the person may experience other symptoms as well:
- Pain and tightness in chest
- Audible wheezing sound when the person exhales
- Difficulty in breathing
- Severe coughing that worsens if the person gets flu or cold.
Treatment of Mold Allergy
Symptoms like sneezing and runny nose are same like that of common cold, therefore, it becomes to detect whether it is a cold or allergy. However if it continues for a long time then it could be an allergy. Sometimes it is not an allergy. Exposure to mold may cause illness like pneumonia and show no allergic reactions. It would be better to consult a doctor for the correct treatment.
The best way to avoid and control mold allergy is to avoid molds as far as possible. Medicines should also be taken to control the allergic reactions. Some medicines and treatment are as follows:
- Antihistamines: It gives relief from sneezing, itching and runny nose.
- Leukotriene modifiers: It blocks the work of some immune system chemicals. But it has side effects like headache, dizziness.
- Decongestants tablets: It helps to make breathing easier.
- Cromolyn sodium: It helps to reduce the symptoms.
- Corticosteroids: It reduces nasal inflammation.
- Immunotherapy: This therapy helps to become insensitive to the particular allergen. It is usually opted when other treatments do not work out.
- Nasal lavage
Precautions can be taken to use bedcovers that are allergen proof. Bedcovers, blankets and sheets everything should be washed daily in hot water so as to do away with molds. Carpet and furniture should be vacuumed. The best way to avoid molds is to keep everything dust-free as far as possible.