Nummular eczema occurs when someone has a coin-shaped lesion on the skin. This lesion could either be in oval or round shape that looks like a disc or a coin. People suffering from this kind of skin disorder often find themselves scratching the affected area because of its itchiness, which may result to redness, crusting and blistering.
Prompt treatment for nummular eczema is needed to ease the associated symptoms. The doctor will use a variety of treatment methods to take care of the disorder, and these largely depend on the symptoms manifested by each patient.
What is nummular eczema?
It is a type of eczema which is very itchy and appears as patches or spots on the skin. This type of eczema is also referred to as nummular eczematous dermatitis and discoid eczema. Nummular dermatitis affects both young and adults of all races. But research shows that it is more common in males aging 55 to 65 years old than females, though the condition is also observed in females aged 15 to 25. The lesions are commonly seen on the extremities like the hands, arms and legs, including the torso.
Symptoms of Nummular Eczema
People suffering from nummular dermatitis have disc-shaped patches or spots on their skin. At first, the patches appear red and irritated. After several days, coin-shaped rashes with blisters will emerge on the irritated area. While some people develop multiple patches in several weeks, others only have a few of them that linger for one year or longer. Nummular dermatitis or eczema often develops on the areas where skin problems once occurred such as burns, insect bites and skin injuries. Unlike other skin problems, this type of eczema is not contagious. However, untreated nummular dermatitis may turn into scaly, dry patches that look like fungus or ringworm, and sometimes, psoriasis. If an individual is affected by this type of eczema, he or she should expect that it will recur because it is a chronic skin disorder.
How people get nummular dermatitis or eczema?
Up to now, experts have not fully understood how people get nummular eczema. However, studies have shown that there are a number of factors that make an individual vulnerable to this type of skin disorder, and these are:
- Atopic eczema
- Burns and bug bites
- Dry and sensitive skin
- Side effects of Isotretinoin
- Chemical irritants
- Sudden weather changes
- Bacterial infections
- Disorders of the immune system
- Family history of eczema
Aside from these, several things may worsen nummular eczema and these include topical medications, soaps and detergents, wool clothing touching the skin, and frequent bathing.
Nummular Eczema Treatment
Nummular eczema is treated by controlling the symptoms that come with it. And because the cause it not fully known, the treatment procedure will be different from one patient to another. The doctor or dermatologist will first conduct a series of diagnostic tests to confirm that it is actually nummular dermatitis. He or she may even require skin biopsy to rule out other similar skin conditions.
Nummular dermatitis can be treated with any or a combination of the following, depending on the severity of the manifested symptoms.
- Prescription ointments and moisturizers to reduce itchiness and to moisturize the affected area
- Antihistamines to help relieve the itching and burning sensation
- Antibiotics to treat the infected blisters
- Corticosteroids to help control discomforting symptoms of severe outbreak of nummular dermatitis
Nummular dermatitis is a chronic skin disorder that requires long-term treatment and keeping away from predisposing factors to help control as well as reduce the associated symptoms it may bring, including the secondary skin infections that may develop.
What can be done to prevent nummular dermatitis from recurring?
It is important to realize that the real cause of nummular dermatitis is undetermined, and there is no way to prevent it from occurring and recurring. However, several things can be done to control the outbreak.
- Determine the triggering factors and avoid them. Each individual has different triggering factors, so a person should examine the things that may trigger his or her nummular eczema. This could be due to lanolin, wool, certain soaps and detergents, including frequent baths.
- Keep the skin moisturized. Moisturizers not only help in relieving dry skin but reduce itchiness as well.
- Do not use hot water when bathing because it makes the skin dry; use lukewarm water instead.
Proper skin care routine is the key to prevent and control the symptoms that nummular dermatitis brings.
Nummular eczema refers to spots or patches on the skin that resemble disks or coins. People affected by this type of eczema should expect to deal with it over and over again. The real cause may not be fully understood, but several things can be done to help the sufferers deal with its occurrence as well as control the symptoms that may come with it.
Nummular Eczema pictures