Ragweed is common in the eastern and Midwest states of U.S. and they grow in the entire country. It produces million pollen grains which carried by the wind to distant places. When a person comes in contact with these pollen grains and experience allergic reactions, it means the person is suffering from ragweed allergy. Study shows seventy five percent people who have plant pollen allergy also are sensitive to ragweed pollen. It is widespread during August and October months. Some symptoms of ragweed allergy could be runny nose, breathlessness, irritation, wheezing and hay fever. Once it is diagnosed then person should keep away from ragweed pollens and take antihistamines under medical supervision. If medicines are ineffective then allergy shots can be taken after consulting an experienced doctor.
Ragweed Allergy Symptoms
The starting symptoms of ragweed allergy are:
- Runny and overstuffed nose
- Hay Fever: Fever caused due to this allergy is called as hay fever.
Other symptoms of ragweed allergy are as follows:
- Tightness in chest
- Irritation in nose, throat and eyes
- Extreme coughing
- Severe chronic sinusitis
- Oral allergy syndrome: Oral allergy syndrome causes allergy to other foodstuffs also
If a person is suffering from asthma then this may lead to asthma attacks.
Diagnosis of Ragweed Allergy
Before treating ragweed allergy it is necessary to diagnose the allergic reactions. It is important as symptoms of ragweed allergy are very similar to other allergies too. Therefore to confirm the allergy the doctor first reviews the patient’s past medical records. Later a thorough skin test is conducted to verify all the details. Once diagnosed it should be treated immediately as it is among the serious allergies.
Treatment of Ragweed allergy
The best way to treat ragweed allergy is to keep away from the ragweed pollens. To avoid it a person can shift to areas where ragweed pollens are less. Before the season of ragweed begins it is better to take preventive measures and start off with treatment under supervision of a medical expert. Some other treatments are as follows:
- Antihistamines: If a person has hay fever than antihistamines can be taken, however it should be prescribed by the physician. It helps to reduce the symptoms.
- Inflammatory nose sprays: Such sprays and drops help to treat the irritation in eyes, throat and nose. However it has some side effects.
- Immunotherapy: If the medicines are ineffective then after consulting the doctor allergy shots can be taken. This is called as immunotherapy. It helps the body to resist the allergens. But first the allergens have to be identified so that correct allergy shots can be given. If it is properly identified and treated then one can experience major changes and improvements will be seen. But immunotherapy is the last option for treatment and should be taken under the supervision of a medical expert who knows the past medical records fully.
- Ragweed allergic person should be advised to keep away from banana, sunflower seed, cucumber, honey, zucchini and chamomile tea.