Swollen lymph nodes in groin are usually caused due to contact with bacteria, viruses, or other pathogens. Sometimes, the condition can be caused due to cancer. Lymph nodes are present across the body. A few of the major areas where one can observe lymph nodes include the armpits, the neck, below the chin, behind the ear, and in the groin. The lymph nodes present in the groin area are called inguinal lymph nodes.
Lymph nodes are major components of the lymphatic system, which in turn is a part of the body’s immune system. Hence, swollen lymph nodes in groin can be an indicator of infection. The lymph nodes in groin and other parts of the body help in the defense of the body against attacks by viruses, bacteria, and other diseases. They are small, bean-shaped, soft tissue nodule which can occur in several groups.
The lymph nodes are tiny cluster cells which are contained inside a capsule. Different ducts enter and come out of them. The lymph node cells consist of lymphocytes, which make the antibodies; and macrophages which help in digestion of debris. Thus they act as the cleaner cells of the body.
Swollen lymph nodes in groin can also experience inflammation. Such a condition is called lymphadenitis and it is treated as per the primary cause. A few instances of swollen lymph nodes in groin can be treated with prolonged use of non-prescription pain killer medicines and warm compresses, while extreme cases may require treatment of the underlying cause.
Symptoms of swollen lymph nodes in groin
The lymphatic system comprises of a complex setup of organs, vessels, and many lymph nodes which are situated in different parts of the body. Most of the lymph nodes are located on the head and neck area, and this region is majorly affected by swollen lymph nodes. However, individuals can also be affected by swollen lymph nodes in groin.
Swollen lymph nodes in groin is an indication some sort of malfunction has happened in this region. It may result in the below listed signs and symptoms:
- Nocturnal sweating
- Excessive tenderness and pain of the lymph nodes in groin
- In some cases of swollen lymph nodes in groin, the nodes may grow to the size of a kidney bean, a pea, or even larger
- Swelling lymph nodes across the body, in addition to swollen lymph nodes in groin may indicate the presence of a serious infection such as mononucleosis or HIV, or an immune system disease like lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.
- Solid, fixed, and fast expanding swollen lymph nodes in groin may indicate a possible case of cancer
Treatment of swollen lymph node in groin
- Most cases of swollen lymph node in groin can be successfully cured by corrective treatment of the underlying condition. Thus, swollen lymph node in groin caused due to viral infections can be treated anti-viral drugs, while bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics.
- Swollen lymph nodes in groin caused by cancer can be treated with surgery, chemotherapy, and other cancer treatment methods.
- Inflammation, pain, and swelling can be alleviated with pain-killer medications.