Tick bite images of rash and bullyseye pictures along with symptoms, treatment are discussed in this article.
Tick bite refers to the injury caused by a small blood-sucking animal called tick. It causes localized redness and itchiness. The bitten person may also feel some burning sensation and intense pain. Most tick bites only give a few immediate symptoms which are often taken for granted because of their mildness. However, certain types of ticks can transmit diseases and infections. In addition, bites from ticks could also cause allergic reactions in some individuals leading to anaphylaxis.
Treatment for tick bite helps in managing the associated symptoms and in preventing the spread of disease. It also aids in preventing skin infection from developing. Those who have been bitten are advised to remove the offending insect immediately and clean the affected area. They should take note of the symptoms that develop afterwards and see the doctor to get a proper diagnosis and treatment.
What are ticks?
Ticks are blood-sucking animals that feed on animal and human blood. They look like spiders and take residence on the coat of animals and feathers of birds. There are over 800 varieties of ticks worldwide and they are the leading disease-carriers in the U.S. There are two types of ticks that are notorious in transmitting diseases and these are the hard ticks and soft ticks.
- Hard tick
This type of tick is called Ixodidae which has a distinctive solid back plate. Hard ticks could linger on their host for several hours and even days. Transmission of diseases occur when the ticks are about to finish their full-bloodied meal.
- Soft tick
This is the Argasidae which features a rounded body and feed on its host within an hour or less. Transmission of diseases is remarkably quick as it takes place within a minute and produces an extremely painful sensation.
- Deer tick
This tick carries the bacteria that cause Lyme disease. The Deer tick is distinguishable by its brown, tear drop shaped body with black legs.
Tick bite is a common nuisance during spring to summer. It is the saliva of this animal that causes diseases. When feeding for nourishment, ticks are barely noticeable because their saliva contains neurotoxins that render a numbing effect on the victim. The saliva also acts as an anticoagulant which allows the animal to suck blood easily. Anticoagulant thins the blood and prevents blood clotting.
Tick bite symptoms
A tick bite should not be taken for granted due to the risk of contracting certain diseases. In particular, a bite from the deer tick is the leading cause of Lyme disease – a form of bacterial infection which causes bulls-eye skin rashes. The disease could eventually lead to chronic arthritis, inflamed heart muscles, irregular heart beat, inflamed liver, heart or eyes as well as severe fatigue and depression. Other diseases that could be transmitted through tick bites include:
- Colorado Tick fever
- Rocky Mountain spotted fever
- Relapsing fever
Affected individuals may experience flu-like symptoms a day or weeks after being bitten by ticks. These include headache, muscle aches, nausea, vomiting, sores and fever. People will likely acquire tick bites if they go to areas where ticks live, such as forest, shrubs, leaf litter, tall grass and infested vegetation. Certain activities also expose one to ticks and get bitten by them such as playing outdoors, hiking, camping and gardening.
What does a tick bite look like?
Many find it difficult to identify tick bites because a tick only leaves subtle markings that quickly disappear. However, indicators could be seen on the bitten area on people who develop allergic reactions which are characterized by itching and swelling. If the victim is bitten by a deer tick, an increasing skin rash will develop around the bite site, creating a bulls-eye pattern. He or she will likewise complain about fever, chills, joint pain, fatigue, numbing of the extremities and facial paralysis.
A condition called tick paralysis will occur if the offending tick is not removed. Prolonged exposure to the neurotoxin injected by a tick could result in grave conditions and even death. Tick bite paralysis is characterized by nausea, muscle weakness, headache and immobility of the extremities.
How to treat a tick bite
The longer a tick stays on the skin, the greater the chances of developing serious health problems. The following should be done when someone observes a tick bite:
- Remove the tick
The tick must be immediately removed from the skin using tweezers, grasping its mouth or head and pulling it gently. After which, it should be placed in a tightly sealed container. This should be shown to the doctor to identify the possible disease transmitted by the tick to the victim.
- Wash the bite site
The bitten region should be washed with water and soap. People should not forget to wash their hands after removing the tick.
- Seek medical help
The victim should go to the doctor if the tick is not completely removed. This is also recommended if the victim experiences bothersome symptoms as a result of the tick bite.
Tick bite pictures
Here are tick bite images including the bullseye rash that is a characteristic of these bites