When a person experiences allergic reaction after consuming food items containing wheat then it means the person is suffering from wheat allergy. It is a very common food allergy amongst children. Wheat is found in food items like cake, bread, cereal, cracker, soy sauce, pasta, condiment like ketchup and beer. Symptoms of wheat allergy could be diarrhea, vomiting, irritation or swelling of mouth. The best way to treat wheat allergy is to avoid contact with food items containing wheat.
Causes for wheat allergy
Some of the causes of wheat allergy are as follows:
- Hereditary: If parents are suffering from allergies then there is high risk of wheat allergy.
- Age: Children have less strong immune and digestive system and therefore wheat allergy is very common in kids. However with time, most of them overcome this allergy.
Symptoms of Wheat Allergy
If a person consumes food containing wheat then within some time the person will show symptoms. Following are the symptoms of wheat allergy:
- Watery and itchy eyes
- Swelling or irritation of throat or mouth
- Congestion in nose
- Difficulty in breathing
- Hives or rashes or inflammation of the skin
- Vomiting or feeling nauseated
- Anaphylaxis: Wheat allergy may sometimes lead to fatal reactions known as anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis may also show other symptoms including the above mentioned symptoms. They are as follows:
- Pain in chest or tightness
- Increase in heartbeat
- Tightness or swelling of the throat
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Severe difficulty in breathing
- Pale, blue skin color
Wheat allergy vs Gluten Intolerance
Allergies are characterized by the presence of type I IgE antibodies in the blood, which can trigger immediate reactions that can be severe as well, for instance, egg allergy. This happens after a person consumes food that act as an allergen.
In case, of gluten intolerance, type III lgG antibodies are known to trigger them. In the case of intolerance, the reaction can occur between 8 and 72 hours after consumption of the food product or additive. Compared to wheat allergies, wheat intolerance is more common.
Wheat Allergy Rash
Wheat allergy rash is one of the most common symptoms that happen due to allergy to wheat. The release of histamine below the skin can cause hives and inflammation. Hives are red, itchy bumps on the skin They can be of any shape or size and if they develop in the inner ear or throat, there can be more complications.
Treatment of Wheat Allergy
When a person suffers from anaphylaxis then one has to consult the medical expert immediately. If a person is already an anaphylaxis patient then that person should always carry two doses of epinephrine drug. The 2nd dose is for emergency. In an emergency it is advisable to phone up 911 or the respective emergency number. Antihistamines drug reduces symptoms of wheat allergy. It is taken to control allergic reactions and helps in relieving uneasiness.
Other steps to keep away from exposure to wheat and ensure quick treatment for sudden wheat allergy are as follows:
- Information: Children are usually affected by wheat allergies. Therefore school authorities namely principal, teachers and other respective people should be informed in advance about the wheat allergy, its symptoms and how to use the drugs. Also they should know to call the emergency care in serious case. Parents should also ensure that the child carries the drugs to school. Other family friends and relatives should also be informed about the allergy.
- One can wear medical identification bracelet (in case of serious anaphylaxis) that explains the allergy and need for emergency care.
- One should read the food labels carefully and shop in stores that provide wheat-free alternative food items. Also one should be very careful when eating in hotels. The person should clearly inform the hotel staff about the allergy. One can derive information about various wheat-free recipes from the respective specialized books.